Good sleep hygiene practices include:
1. Sleep and wake pattern
The most important sleep hygiene measure is to maintain a regular sleep and wake pattern seven days a week. It is also important to spend an appropriate amount of time in bed, not too little, or too excessive. This may vary by individual; for example, if someone has a problem with daytime sleepiness, they should spend a minimum of eight hours in bed, if they have difficulty sleeping at night, they should limit themselves to 7 hours in bed in order to keep the sleep pattern consolidated.
|Do not disturb your biological clock|
2. Regular relaxing bedtime routine
Try to avoid emotionally upsetting conversations and activities before trying to go to sleep. Don't dwell on, or bring your problems to bed.
|Do not think when going to bed. Sleep like a baby.|
3. Associate your bed with sleep
It's not a good idea to use your bed to watch TV, listen to the radio, or read.
|Make you bed comfortable|
4. Good sleep environment
Make sure that the sleep environment is pleasant and relaxing. The bed should be comfortable, the room should not be too hot or cold, or too bright.
Exercise can promote good sleep. Vigorous exercise should be taken in the morning or late afternoon. A relaxing exercise, like yoga, can be done before bed to help initiate a restful night's sleep.
|Yoga is good for your sleep|
Ensure adequate exposure to natural light. This is particularly important for older people who may not venture outside as frequently as children and adults. Light exposure helps maintain a healthy sleep-wake cycle.
|Light is good.|
6. No napping
Avoid napping during the day; it can disturb the normal pattern of sleep and wakefulness.
|No nap for insomniac|
7. No stimulants
Avoid stimulants such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol too close to bedtime. While alcohol is well known to speed the onset of sleep, it disrupts sleep in the second half as the body begins to metabolize the alcohol, causing arousal.
|Smoking is bad for your sleep|
8. No food before sleep
Food can be disruptive right before sleep; stay away from large meals close to bedtime. Also dietary changes can cause sleep problems, if someone is struggling with a sleep problem, it's not a good time to start experimenting with spicy dishes. And, remember, chocolate has caffeine.
|Do not eat spicy food|